from The Century Dictionary.
- noun In musical notation, the entire system of signs used in connection with the staff: opposed, for example, to the tonic sol-fa notation, in which no staff is used.
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This indicated the precise melodic interval but did not give any idea of the rhythm, and the natural accents of the text were the only guide the singer had in this direction, as was the case in neume-notation and in early staff-notation also.
Sometimes, in staff-notation manuscripts, the first two notes are given at the same pitch.
When added to a neum, it is generally represented in the later staff-notation manuscripts at the same pitch as the last note of that neum.
Of the works attributed to him, the following are undoubtedly authentic: "Micrologus de disciplina artis musicae ', which treatise, especially the fifteenth chapter, is invaluable to present-day students endeavoring to ascertain the original rhythmical and melodic form of the Gregorian chant;" Regulae de ignoto cantu ", prologue to his antiphonarium in staff-notation;" Epistola Michaeli monaco de ignoto cantu directa:.
This system, called staff-notation, has been used ever since.
He invented the system of staff-notation still in use, and rendered various other services to the progress of musical art and science.
His fame soon reached the reigning pope, John XIX (1024-1033), who sent three different messengers urging Guido to come to Rome and exhibit his antiphonary containing the liturgical melodies transcribed from the sign-notation heretofore in use into his own staff-notation.