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from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A metamorphic phyllosilicate mineral of the mica group, having the chemical formula K(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A black or greenish black mineral occurring in foliated flates, also in velvety bronze-colored incrustations. It is a hydrous silicate of iron and alumina.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A black, greenish-black, or bronze-colored mineral occurring in foliated plates or thin scales sometimes forming a velvety coating (the variety chalcodite), also in fibrous forms. It is essentially a hydrous silicate of iron.


Ancient Greek στιλπνός (stilpnos, "glittering"), and μελανός (melanos, "black"). (Wiktionary)


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