from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun Any of various submerged aquatic algae of the family Characeae that are frequently encrusted with calcium carbonate deposits and have nodes with whorled, filamentlike branchlets.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A plant of the genus Chara: so called from the calcareous deposits which frequently occur on the stems.
  • noun Sometimes, the stone-parsley, Sison Amomum.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Bot.) Any plant of the genus Chara; -- so called because they are often incrusted with carbonate of lime. See chara.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun Any of various complex algae of the family Characeae, known for being branched and having enclosed egg cells.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun any of various submerged aquatic algae of the genus Chara having nodes with whorled filamentlike branches; usually encrusted with calcium carbonate deposits


Sorry, no etymologies found.


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  • With regard to suitable plants for comparatively deep water in ponds or lakes, lakewort and stonewort grow on the bottom, and do not, as a rule, attain any considerable height.

    Amateur Fish Culture

  • It is important to note that there is evidence that, at least in Lake Krankesjön, these phenotypic changes occurred after colonization of the stonewort, since when isopods were initially sampled shortly after the stonewort started to expand (in 1987) they were phenotypically similar to reed individuals

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  • Selection for lower foraging activity and lower speed in turn might presumably result from the fact that isopods in the stonewort cannot escape from fish predators by swimming away, but have to rely on combinations of cryptic behavior, morphology and pigmentation to avoid predation.

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  • They are more stream-profiled and have higher escape speeds than isopods in the newly colonized stonewort habitat, which has higher density of fish predators.

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  • The latter mechanism may be selected for in the reed habitat, as reed isopods are faster at escaping and have higher endurance than stonewort isopods.

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  • These size classes were above or below .95 cm for the reed ecotypes, and above or bellow .75 cm for the stonewort ecotype.

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  • Predation from visually hunting fish is thus likely to be much more intense in the stonewort habitat than in the reed, due to higher densities of perch in the novel habitat

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  • In a recent study, we have showed that in these lakes, stonewort ecotype isopods were smaller in body size and had lighter body pigmentation

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  • Linear regression between endurance and speed for individuals from the reed and the stonewort.

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  • Indeed, although our data on exploratory behaviors comes from only one lake, and thus precludes generalization, we have also found in a previous study that stonewort individuals from both lakes had a lower propensity to engage mating, which also independently suggests a tendency to avoid exposure

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