from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Tall; large; stout.
  • adj. Strong; powerful; hardy; robust; sturdy.
  • adj. Bold; audacious.
  • adj. Rough in manner; stern; austere; ill-tempered.
  • adj. (of a voice) Rough; hoarse; deep-toned; harsh.
  • adj. (of land or cloth) Stiff; inflexible.
  • adv. Severely; strongly.
  • n. A stake.
  • n. A round of a ladder.
  • n. A stave in the side of a wagon.
  • n. A large pole by which barges are propelled against the stream; a poy.
  • n. An armed battle or conflict.
  • n. A time of struggle or stress.
  • n. Tumult, commotion; confusion.
  • n. A blowing or deposit of dust.


From Middle English stoor, stour ("large, powerful"), from Old English stōr ("large, great, strong, violent"), from Proto-Germanic *stōraz, *stōrijaz (“great, big, strong”), from Proto-Indo-European *stār-, *stōr- (“big, thick, old”). Akin to Scots stour ("tall, large, great, stout"), Eastern Frisian stor ("great, many"), Low German stur ("large"), Danish and Swedish stor ("large, great"), Icelandic stórr ("large, tall"), Polish stary ("old, ancient") and probably Albanian shtoj ("I add, increase"). Compare also stoor, steer. (Wiktionary)
From Middle English stoure, stourre, from Old Norse staurr ("a stake, pale"), from Proto-Germanic *stauraz (“pole, support”), from Proto-Indo-European *stā- (“to stand, place”). Cognate with Icelandic staur ("a stake, pole"), Ancient Greek σταυρός ("a stake, cross"). (Wiktionary)
From Middle English stour, stor ("conflict") from Anglo-Norman estur ("conflict, struggle"), from Old French estour, estor, estorme, estourmie, estormie ("battle, assault, conflict, tumult"), from Frankish *sturm (“storm, commotion, battle”), from Proto-Germanic *sturmaz (“storm”). Akin to Old High German sturm ("battle, storm"). More at storm. (Wiktionary)



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