from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A substance with a hyacinth-like odour, obtained by decomposition of styracin; cinnamic styryl alcohol.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A white crystalline substance having a sweet taste and a hyacinthlike odor, obtained by the decomposition of styracin; -- properly called cinnamic alcohol or styryl alcohol.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Cinnamyl alcohol (C9H10O), a crystalline solid with a fragrant odor, obtained by treating styracin with caustic potash. It is slightly soluble in water, and volatile at high temperatures.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Some years since, Strecker has shown that styrone, which is obtained when styracine is treated with potash, is the alcohol of cinnamic acid.
It is only necessary to moisten platinum black with styrone, and let it remain in the air some days, when by means of the bisulphite of potash the aldehyde double compound may be obtained in crystals, which should be washed in ether.
The conversion of styrone into the hyduret of cinnamyle by the action of the platinum black is shown by the following equation:
The author has now proved that under the same conditions by which ordinary alcohol affords aldehyde, styrone affords the aldehyde of cinnamic acid, that is, oil of cinnamon.