from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Positioned above the spine
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Situated above the vertebral column.
- adj. Situated above a spine or spines; supraspinate; supraspinous.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Situated above (dorsad of) the spine or spinal column; dorsal; neural; epaxial.
C. Opioid receptor labeling in the brain stem of fetuses 19-21 weeks gestation - demonstrated very high densities in supraspinal centers associated with sensory perception [Kinney et al, 1990].
It arises by a thin aponeurosis from the spinous processes of the lower two thoracic and upper two or three lumbar vertebræ, and from the supraspinal ligament.
It arises by a thin and broad aponeurosis from the lower part of the ligamentum nuchae, from the spinous processes of the seventh cervical and upper two or three thoracic vertebræ and from the supraspinal ligament.
It arises from the external occipital protuberance and the medial third of the superior nuchal line of the occipital bone, from the ligamentum nuchæ, the spinous process of the seventh cervical, and the spinous processes of all the thoracic vertebræ, and from the corresponding portion of the supraspinal ligament.
The Rhomboideus major (Fig. 409) arises by tendinous fibers from the spinous processes of the second, third, fourth, and fifth thoracic vertebræ and the supraspinal ligament, and is inserted into a narrow tendinous arch, attached above to the lower part of the triangular surface at the root of the spine of the scapula; below to the inferior angle, the arch being connected to the vertebral border by a thin membrane.
The supraspinal ligament is a strong fibrous cord, which connects together the apices of the spinous processes from the seventh cervical vertebra to the sacrum; at the points of attachment to the tips of the spinous processes fibrocartilage is developed in the ligament.
In flexion, or movement forward, the anterior longitudinal ligament is relaxed, and the intervertebral fibrocartilages are compressed in front; while the posterior longitudinal ligament, the ligamenta flava, and the inter - and supraspinal ligaments are stretched, as well as the posterior fibers of the intervertebral fibrocartilages.
It arises by tendinous fibers from the spinous processes of the lower six thoracic vertebræ and from the posterior layer of the lumbodorsal fascia (see page 397), by which it is attached to the spines of the lumbar and sacral vertebræ, to the supraspinal ligament, and to the posterior part of the crest of the ilium.
The ligamentum nuchæ is a fibrous membrane, which, in the neck, represents the supraspinal ligaments of the lower vertebræ.
They meet the ligamenta flava in front and the supraspinal ligament behind.