from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Above the temporal lobe.
- n. A supratemporal bone.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Situated above the temporal bone or temporal fossa.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Placed high up in the temporal region or fossa; superior, as one of the collection of bones called temporal.
- n. A wrong name of the true squamosal bone of some animals, as ichthyosaurs.
- n. A small neuromastic or dermal bone attached to the outer surface of the post-temporal in fishes.
- n. A bone of the cranium, lying back of the orbit, present in anomodont reptiles. Also called prosquamosal.
- Above and exceeding earthly or temporal things; eternal.
This ontogenetic pattern contributed to the naming of some new pachycephalosaurid taxa based on diagnostic characters (large supratemporal fenestrae, squamosal horns, nodal cranial ornamentation, inflated frontoparietal dome) that we demonstrate in this study are, in fact, ontogenetic features that undergo extreme modification as the skull length increases, the cranial vault enlarges and the frontoparietal dome expands.
No indication of the supratemporal foramen can be found in the rather mutilated specimen.
The zygomatic arch is present and is continuous with the supratemporal and postorbital bones, there being no infratemporal foramen.
POSTERIOR CHANIAL ARCHES temporal foramen, and that the bone which bounds it externally consists posteriorly of the supratemporal bone, and not the zygomatic.
In the Crocodilia and Dinosauria the supratemporal is omitted, and in Sauropterygia it is fused with the supra - mastoid.
The bony arch below the supratemporal fossa, which connects the orbit with the quadrate, is now affected in two different ways: I.
It is evident then that the Anomodonta differ from the Theriodonta in the absence of a zygo - matic arch, and in the presence of a supratemporal arch, which is separated from the parietal bone by a supratemporal foramen (Figs. 1-2).
The numerous names given to bones in this region of the skull all apply to the squamosal or supratemporal, so I propose to name this one the supramastoid.
No bar extends posteriorly from the postorbital, which joins the supratemporal, enclosing with it the infratemporal foramen.
The postorbital is an L-shaped struc - ture, of which the shorter limb is inferior, extending to the jugal, while the longer limb is posterior, extending to the supratemporal, in contact with the parietal It encloses no foramen with the latter; but it encloses a larger foramen with the jugal, zygomatic and supratemporal at the other boundaries.