from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A subordinate ruler.
- n. One of four joint rulers.
- n. A governor of one of four divisions of a country or province, especially in the ancient Roman Empire.
- n. The commander of a subdivision of a phalanx in ancient Greece.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a governor of part of a country, especially of a fourth part of a province in ancient Rome
- n. an officer in charge of a fourth part of a phalanx in ancient Greece
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Four.
- n. A Roman governor of the fourth part of a province; hence, any subordinate or dependent prince; also, a petty king or sovereign.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In botany, having four centripetally developed xylem plates: said of some radial vascular cylinders.
- n. A stele which has four plerome strands.
- n. In the Roman empire, the ruler of the fourth part of a country or province in the East; a viceroy; a subordinate ruler.
- n. The commander of a subdivision of a Greek phalanx.
- Four principal or chief.
- n. One of any group of rulers or chiefs.
The title tetrarch literally denotes one who rules over a fourth part of any country.
The word tetrarch properly denotes one who presides over a fourth part of a country or province; but it also came to be a general title, denoting one who reigned over any part -- a, third, a half, &c. In this case Herod had a third of the dominions of his father, but he was called tetrarch.
Herod Antipas is distinctively called the tetrarch in Matt.
Matt. and Luke he is correctly called by the title of "tetrarch," which only implies governorship of a portion of a country.
"tetrarch" is an obscure term for the modern reader, governor captures the meaning better than king
Now this Philip was brother to Antipas, tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea, and both were sons of Herod, called by the Jews the "Great."
Her sister was wife of Philip, tetrarch of Gaulonitis and Batanaea.
The tetrarch Herod is an uncontrolled sexual psychotic.
Con O'Neill as the roaring, bisexual tetrarch is not afraid to out-Herod Herod.
Instead head tetrarch Diocletian sought to enhance the dignity of the imperial office by adopting the glittering trappings more usually associated with an Eastern court.