from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A building (especially a portico) that has four columns
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Having four columns in front; -- said of a temple, portico, or colonnade.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In ancient architecture and kindred styles, having or consisting of four columns.
- n. A structure having four pillars; a combination or group of four pillars.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
A third method of designating or distinguishing the temples is by the number of columns in front, thus temples are called tetrastyle, hexastyle, octastyle, that is having five, six, or eight columns.
Also, it turned out that it was not a distylos in antis (two columns set between projecting side walls), but a tetrastyle prostylos (four columns set in front of the cella) shrine built in the Corinthian order.
These approaches are guarded by two churches, S. Maria di Monte S.nto and S. Maria dei Miracoli, similar in appearance, with oval domes and tetrastyle porticoes that look like ecclesiastical porters 'lodges.
But if the building is to be systyle and monotriglyphic, let the front of the temple, if tetrastyle, be divided into nineteen and a half parts; if hexastyle, into twenty-nine and a half parts.
Then, whether the temple is to be tetrastyle, hexastyle, or octastyle, let one of these parts be taken, and it will be the module.
Let the front of a Doric temple, at the place where the columns are put up, be divided, if it is to be tetrastyle, into twenty-seven parts; if hexastyle, into forty-two.
If a tetrastyle is to be built, let the width of the front which shall have already been determined for the temple, be divided into eleven parts and
Corinthian and tetrastyle oeci, as well as those termed Egyptian, should have the same symmetrical proportions in width and length as the dining rooms described above, but, since they have columns in them, their dimensions should be ampler.
There are five different styles of cavaedium, termed according to their construction as follows: Tuscan, Corinthian, tetrastyle, displuviate, and testudinate.
In the tetrastyle, the girders are supported at the angles by columns, an arrangement which relieves and strengthens the girders; for thus they have themselves no great span to support, and they are not loaded down by the crossbeams.