from The Century Dictionary.
- In ancient architecture and kindred styles, having or consisting of four columns.
- noun A structure having four pillars; a combination or group of four pillars.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- adjective (Arch.) Having four columns in front; -- said of a temple, portico, or colonnade.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun architecture A building (especially a
portico) that has four columns
Sorry, no etymologies found.
A third method of designating or distinguishing the temples is by the number of columns in front, thus temples are called tetrastyle, hexastyle, octastyle, that is having five, six, or eight columns.
Also, it turned out that it was not a distylos in antis (two columns set between projecting side walls), but a tetrastyle prostylos (four columns set in front of the cella) shrine built in the Corinthian order.
There are five different styles of cavaedium, termed according to their construction as follows: Tuscan, Corinthian, tetrastyle, displuviate, and testudinate.
Then, whether the temple is to be tetrastyle, hexastyle, or octastyle, let one of these parts be taken, and it will be the module.
In the tetrastyle, the girders are supported at the angles by columns, an arrangement which relieves and strengthens the girders; for thus they have themselves no great span to support, and they are not loaded down by the crossbeams.
Corinthian and tetrastyle oeci, as well as those termed Egyptian, should have the same symmetrical proportions in width and length as the dining rooms described above, but, since they have columns in them, their dimensions should be ampler.
But if the building is to be systyle and monotriglyphic, let the front of the temple, if tetrastyle, be divided into nineteen and a half parts; if hexastyle, into twenty-nine and a half parts.
Let the front of a Doric temple, at the place where the columns are put up, be divided, if it is to be tetrastyle, into twenty-seven parts; if hexastyle, into forty-two.
These approaches are guarded by two churches, S. Maria di Monte S.nto and S. Maria dei Miracoli, similar in appearance, with oval domes and tetrastyle porticoes that look like ecclesiastical porters 'lodges.
If a tetrastyle is to be built, let the width of the front which shall have already been determined for the temple, be divided into eleven parts and