from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Requiring high temperatures for normal development, as certain bacteria.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. of, or relating to a thermophile
- adj. living and thriving at relatively high temperatures
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Heat-loving; -- applied especially to microorganisms such as certain bacteria, fungi and algae, which grow best at temperatures above 40° C (e.g. between 50° and 60°), and in some cases at temperatures that would kill ordinary microorganisms. They are found in naturally hot locations, such as at hot springs or the thermal vents at the ocean bottom.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In bacteriology, heat-loving: applied to the bacteria which require high temperatures for their development.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Lambowitz and Mohr's investigation of introns in T. elongatus may also, unexpectedly, prove an enormous boon to researchers who are trying to use other high-temperature ( "thermophilic") bacteria to improve the efficiency of biofuels.
"thermophilic," a word that means "likes heat" but one that Foley had never heard before, she asked for the language of origin.
If warming occurs within the Barents Sea over the next hundred years, thermophilic species (i.e., those capable of living within a wide temperature range) will become more frequent.
The nearby spectacular Valley of the Geysers has 20 large geysers, over 100 hot springs, some with thermophilic algae, pulsating water funnels, mud cauldrons, poisonous miasmas, fumaroles, cascades, turquoise lakes and multicolored algae fields.
Vermicomposting is the breakdown of organic material that, in contrast to microbial composting, involves the joint action of different species of earthworms (not all earthworms are composting worms) and microorganisms and does not involve a thermophilic (i.e., high heat) stage.
This particular presentation of the data suggests that the last universal common ancestor was a gram-positive thermophilic bacteria.
IOW, why would you argue that the LUCA was not a gram-positive thermophilic bacteria, as Ciccarelli et al. suggest (please site why you think their conclusions are unjustified).
There are various ways of composting — aerobic static piles (non-interventionary), aerobic windrows (interventionary), using worms (vermicomposting, which is in fact a different type of process that does not involve the thermophilic stages), etc.
Composting is the controlled biological decomposition and pasteurization of organic materials under aerobic conditions — it involves the action of mesophilic microorganisms followed by thermophilic microorganisms that thrive under increased (more than 50 °C) temperature conditions and if correctly managed, can destroy disease-causing organisms, even weed seeds.
Protein design shows that we are poorly designed, heck we have to take most of our “what we desire to have” from thermophilic bacteria.