from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A casting placed under the nut of a bolt or tie-rod to distribute the pressure and protect the wood.
  • n. In railroad construction, a broad fiat steel or iron plate, sometimes corrugated, placed on a tie and under the base of a rail to distribute the load and prevent the rail from cutting into the face of the tie.
  • n. In iron ship-building, a narrow longitudinal or diagonal plate on top of the beams of a deck not having a complete metal deck.
  • n. A main carline.


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