from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The hyoid bone, or os hyoides. See cuts under hyoid and skull.
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The reason why this practice is so dangerous lies in the unnatural way in which the larynx is held down in the throat, and in the force that is exercised by the tension muscles of the vocal ligaments and the hard pressure of the muscles of the tongue-bone ....
The ears of the frogs and all higher animals are, like the tongue-bone and the lower jaw, derived originally from portions of gills, which the aquatic ancestors of living animals used to draw the oxygen from the water.
The hyoid bone, or tongue-bone, is that hard structure just above the cricoid cartilage, and which one may easily demonstrate to be much more movable than the larynx itself.
The fact is, that the large tongue-bone of these animals serves, with the muscles attached to it, as much to facilitate respiration as nutrition.
The tongue-bone of the frog is, as we have seen, relatively far greater than is that of man, and the same may be said of the muscles attached to it, since we have no less than four muscles descending from the skull, and implanted into it, on each side.
Thus the anatomy of the tongue-bone of the frog, studied in its progressive changes, reveals to us that otherwise unsuspected relations exist in certain parts of the tongue-bone of man.
-- the stylohyoid -- passes downwards on each side, from a process of the base of the skull to the corniculum of the os-hyoides or tongue-bone.