from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. dried or roasted
  • adj. a biomass fuel like wood that is heated to between 100 and 280 degrees
  • v. Simple past tense and past participle of torrefy.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • During torrefaction the biomass partly decomposes, but the resulting transformed solid biomass -- in the Sea 2 Sky case called torrefied wood pellets -- has about 30 percent more energy content per unit of mass than its original state, weighs less, is more easily transportable and is virtually pollution-free.

    Seattle Post-Intelligencer: Local News

  • France what is known as "torrefied" horn has been used.

    Manures and the principles of manuring

  • It includes replacing 20 percent of the coal with "torrefied" wood-a process of "roasting" wood chips in a large furnace to remove the moisture and make the product more brittle and easier to burn-by 2025 and seeking alternative sources farther down the line.

    Independent Weekly: All Recent Stories

  • The shelves were piled floor-to-ceiling with mysterious ingredients: crystal 6-row malted barley, torrefied wheat, Maris Otter, Belgian candy sugar, flaked maize, amylase enzymes.


  • By heating biomass without oxygen available, the biomass is torrefied to produce black pellets that burn exactly like coal (but without the pollutants!).

    Clean Coal: Here Now!

  • Madame Homais reappeared, carrying one of those shaky machines that are heated with spirits of wine; for Homais liked to make his coffee at table, having, moreover, torrefied it, pulverised it, and mixed it himself.

    Madame Bovary

  • The solution of asphaltum in turpentine, united with drying oil by heat, or the bitumen torrefied and ground in linseed or drying-oil, acquires a firmer texture, but becomes less transparent and dries with difficulty.

    Field's Chromatography or Treatise on Colours and Pigments as Used by Artists

  • It is obtained in the same way as torrefied horn, already referred to -- namely, by treatment with steam.

    Manures and the principles of manuring

  • Its wood is much used in cabinet making, and makes excellent fuel; its leaves, properly torrefied, and then stewed in boiling water, give a palatable kind of tea; from the sweet pulp of its fruit an agreeable liqueur can be distilled; from its beans can be made the beverage we all know, and from the shells and residue of the fruit a good fertilizer can be produced.

    Across Unknown South America

  • The barren region of the peak is nine square leagues; and as the lower regions viewed from this point retrograde in the distance, the island appears an immense heap of torrefied matter, hemmed round by a scanty border of vegetation.

    Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America


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