from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A calligraphic signature of an Ottoman sultan (and some other rules to the modern day) that was affixed to official documents, carved on his seal, and stamped on coins and inscribed on some stamps issued during his reign.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Turkish tuğra .


  • Known as a "tughra," the calligraphic symbol was used to identify the ruler on official documents, correspondence and coins.

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  • Museum of Islamic Art Henry VIII's subjects may have recognized him by his portraits, but Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent was known in the 16th century for his tughra, a decorative signature, shown on this decree, dated 1559.

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  • The Count lost no time in sending for the stranger, who presented him a package sealed and enveloped in oriental style, only on the upper side there was a _tughra_, or imperial seal, which he at once recognized as Mahommed's.

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  • The nishanghi or tughrakesh is the only scribe trained to write tughra.

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