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- n. Plural form of uracil.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
While much is unknown about AID's function, the current consensus is that AID deaminates cytosine nucleotides, converting them into uracils within the antibody genes.
In a putative model of somatic hypermutation, AID binds to the VDJ exon of the antibody and converts random cytosines to uracils represented by asterisks.
In class switch recombination CSR, AID targets the switch regions and converts cytosines to uracils there.
This procedure integrated the DNA denaturation and bisulfite conversion into one-step, using temperature denaturation to replace chemical denaturation with sodium hydroxide, and it was based on a three-step reaction process between cytosine and sodium bisulfite that converts unmethylated cytosines into uracils.
Dihydrouridine synthases (DUSs) are flavin-dependent enzymes that catalyze site-specific reduction of uracils in tRNAs.
 In contrast, following synthesis of certain RNA molecules, many uracils are converted to thymines.
This automatically converted unmethylated cytosines (one of the bases of DNA) to uracils (one of the bases of ribonucleic acid or RNA, which works with DNA to synthesize proteins), while leaving the methylated cytosines untouched.