from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A genus of grouse: a synonym of Tetrao, and now the specific name of the capercaillie, Tetrao urogallus. See cut under capercaillie.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • The Alps are one of the last strongholds for the central European population of the threatened capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), which consists of increasingly isolated populations.

    Alps conifer and mixed forests

  • The area is faunistically rich, including European brown bear Ursus arctos, wolf Canis lupus, European otter Lutra lutra, wild cat Felis silvestris, eagle owl Bubo bubo, and capercaillie Tetra urogallus.

    Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia

  • Typical tundra species are reindeer Rangifer tarandus, alpine willow-grouse Lagopus lagopus and Mongolian plover Charadrius mongolus; taiga species include brown bear Ursus arctos, wolverine Gulo gulo (VU), common otter Lutra lutra (VU), lynx Felis lynx (EN), wild boar Sus scrofa, Siberian elk (maral) Cervus elaphus songaricus, capercailzie Tetrao urogallus and tawny owl Strix aluco.

    Uvs Nuur Basin, Russian Federation, Republic of Tuva and Mongolia

  • Among the 102 species of birds are spotted eagle Aquila clanga (VU), golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos, capercaillie Tetrao urogallus, hazel grouse Bonasa bonasia, eagle owl Bubo bubo, black woodpecker Dryocopus martius, three-toed woodpecker Picoides trydactilus and Alpine chough Pyrrhocorax graculus.

    Pirin National Park, Bulgaria

  • Black grouse (Tetrao urogallus), the largest European woodland grouse, is quickly disappearing due to the loss of habitat and over-hunting.

    Central European mixed forests

  • Forest fauna include brown bear Ursus arctos, grey wolf Canis lupus, wild boar Sus scrofa, wild cat Felis silvestris, chamois Rupicapra rupicapra, various species of eagle, capercaillie Tetrao urogallus, black grouse Lyrurus tetrix and rock partridge Alectoris graeca.

    Durmitor National Park, Montenegro

  • These include the capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) and the ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus).

    Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests

  • Birds include species of swan goose Anser cygnoides, crested honey buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus, black kite Milvus migrans, hawk owl Sunia ulula, rock ptarmigan Lagopus mutus, hazel grouse Tetrastes bonasia, capercaillie Tetrao urogallus and great bustard Otis tarda.

    Lake Baikal Basin, Russian Federation

  • The 204 bird species include capercaillie Tetrao urogallus, black grouse Lyrurus tetrix, willow grouse Lagopus lagopus, hazel grouse Tetrastes bonasia, black woodpecker Dryocopus martius, three-toed woodpecker Picoides tridactylus, nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes and red-flanked bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus.

    Virgin Komi Forests, Russian Federation

  • Other Cantabric species that seasonally spread into this ecoregion are the Cantabrian chamois (Rupicapra parva) and the highly endangered capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus).

    Northwest Iberian montane forests


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