from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Relating to both the uterus and the oviducts.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
What is known and has been reported is that the endoscope makes it possible to deposit spermatozoa at the uterotubal junction -- that point where the fallopian tube empties into the uterus.
Although the number of mares included in this study (10 mares) is small, this study provides preliminary evidence that a low number of spermatozoa can result in pregnancy if sperm are deposited non-surgically on the surface of the uterotubal joint ipsilaterally (pertaining to the same side) to impending ovulation.
Using an endoscope and a polyethylene catheter inserted through the endoscope, the semen was placed onto the surface of the uterotubal junction.
Vazquez told his listeners at the convention that one of the reasons for the low success rate was because of the large gauge diameter of the insemination catheter used "and the poor accessibility to the uterotubal lumen in the mare."
The research continues today, with the latest breakthrough involving the use of the endoscope to place sperm at the uterotubal junction.
"To our knowledge," he said, "this is the first report of successful (non-surgical) uterotubal insemination attempts in the literature.