from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adv. Music With emphasis and spirit. Used chiefly as a direction.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A tempo mark directing that a passage is to be played with emphasis, spirit, vigour or energy
  • n. A passage having this mark
  • adv. played in this style
  • adj. describing a passage having this mark

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vigorous; energetic; with energy; -- a direction to perform a passage with energy and force.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • In music, with energy.


Italian, from Medieval Latin vigōrōsus, from Latin vigor, vigor; see vigor.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Italian (Wiktionary)



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