from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The view, believed to have been held by Calvin and other church reformers contrary to the Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation, that the bread and wine (in Christian Holy Communion) do not literally transform into flesh and blood but are the medium or mechanism through which the spiritual or immaterial essence of the flesh and blood of Jesus Christ are received. .
One common criticism of Deleuze and DeLanda is that their ontolog (ies) suffer from what might be called "virtualism".
In an age of increasing virtualism, ( "friends" on Facebook and MySpace, virtual goods in casual games like Farmville and Mafia Wars, avatars that represent a better or different version of yourself) being among real people, experiencing shared emotions in real time is becoming less and less common.
Anthropological theories of virtualism, materiality/immateriality and digitisation.
The problem with this sort of virtualism is that it fails to observe a particular property of groups known as "closure" as described by mathematical group theory.
Roughly, virtualism would consist in treating the virtual as the domain of the