from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A colorless, crystalline compound, C10H12O4, contained in Japanese pepper, Xanthoxylum piperitum. It melts at 80° C. and boils without decomposition.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
According to Dr. Staples, besides fibrous substances, it contains volatile oil, a greenish, fixed oil, resin, gum, coloring matter, and a peculiar crystallizable principle, which he calls xanthoxylin.
Resources of the Southern Fields and Forests, Medical, Economical, and Agricultural. Being also a Medical Botany of the Confederate States; with Practical Information on the Useful Properties of the Trees, Plants, and Shrubs