from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A room (or separate guesthouse) in a monastery for the temporary accommodation of guests or pilgrims.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A house for the reception of strangers.
- n. In the Middle Ages, a room in a monastery for the reception and entertainment of strangers and pilgrims, and for the relief of paupers. [Called also Xenodocheion.]
Apostate came to the throne (361) is evident from the letter which that emperor sent to Arsacius, high-priest of Galatia, directing him to establish a xenodochium in each city to be supported out of the public revenues (Soxomen, V, 16).
About the same time, the Roman senator Pammachius founded a xenodochium at Porto which St. Jerome praises in his letter on the death of Paulina, wife of
The first establishment in France dates from the sixth century, when the pious King Chuldebert and his spouse founded a xenodochium at
The hospitium, the domus hospitalis, the xenodochium, which are mentioned before the thirteenth century, were in general only a refuge for alien (hospites, xenoi) travellers, poor wanderers, and pilgrims so numerous in the Middle Ages.
During the pontificate of Vigilius (537-555) Belisarius founded a xenodochium in the Via Lata at Rome (Lib.