from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of or pertaining to a zenith
  • adj. azimuthal

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Of or pertaining to the zenith.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Of or pertaining to the zenith.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. relating to or located at or near the zenith


zenith +‎ -al (Wiktionary)


  • He improved the methods of astronomical measurement, invented the zenithal collimator, suggested and applied photography and electricity to astronomy, and dealt with problems of physical astronomy, the shape of comets, the spots of the sun, meteors, etc.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 6: Fathers of the Church-Gregory XI

  • Its transcendental aspirations -- still unconsciously based on the geocentric view of things, a zenithal paradise, a nadiral hell -- were as foreign to his own as if they had been the dreams of people on another planet.

    Tess of the d'Urbervilles

  • A thick fog came down on us, with zenithal aurora borealis, the electric action of which threw out every compass, standard and otherwise, on board.

    Memoirs (Vieux Souvenirs) of the Prince de Joinville

  • However they represent extreme solar UV exposure conditions with a quasi zenithal sun irradiance i.e. a UVA to UVB irradiance ratio of less than 18, representative of a high UVB level.

    PLoS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • To assess more realistic solar UV exposure, a non-zenithal UV spectrum has been defined as standard daily ultraviolet radiation (DUVR) spectrum, with a UVA to UVB irradiance ratio of around 27

    PLoS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • However, they addressed the worst case scenario i.e. zenithal sun, rarely found in common outdoor activities.

    PLoS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • Therefore zenithal sun exposure conditions, corresponding to summer sunlight at noon and maximizing UVB proportion are rarely found.

    PLoS ONE Alerts: New Articles


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