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  • proper n. An ancient Greek pre-Socratic philosopher from Miletus; the pupil of Anaximander. He taught that the basic element of which the world is composed is the air.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a presocratic Greek philosopher and associate of Anaximander who believed that all things are made of air in different degrees of density (6th century BC)


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Ancient Greek Άναξιμένης (Anaksimenēs).


  • Diogenes of Apollonia adopted the idea of Anaximenes, but gave a deeper significance to it.

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  • It was a leader in culture and art, and produced the philosophers Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximenes.

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  • The Aeolians gave birth to the lyric poet Sappho; the Ionians to Homer and the natural philosophers Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximenes; and the Dorians to Herodotus, the "Father of History."

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  • According to Aristotle the Milesians in general were material monists who advocated other kinds of ultimate matter: Thales water, Anaximander the boundless, Anaximenes air (Metaphysics 983b6-984a8).

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  • The idea is found, in crude forms, in Pythagoras 'immediate predecessors, Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes.

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  • Alcmaeon's belief that the sun is flat is another possible connection to Anaximenes, who said that the sun was flat like a leaf (DK13A15).


  • Others suggest that Anaximenes, in the second half of the sixth century, had already distinguished between the fixed stars, which are nailed to the ice-like vault of the sky, and planets which float on the air like leaves (DK13A7; Burkert 1972, 311).


  • Anaximander posited the unlimited as the source from which the basic material principles of the world, the opposites such as hot and cold, emerged, and his successor Anaximenes explicitly described his basic material principle air, as unlimited


  • Noah's flood, as Christians suppose, or is there a vicissitude of sea and land, as Anaximenes held of old, the mountains of Thessaly would become seas, and seas again mountains?

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  • If Anaximenes taught that the atmosphere was God; if Thales attributed to water the foundation of all things, because Egypt was rendered fertile by inundation; if Pherecides and Heraclitus give to fire all which Thales attributes to water — to what purpose return to these chimerical reveries?

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