from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A student of or specialist in philosophy.
  • n. A person who lives and thinks according to a particular philosophy.
  • n. A person who is calm and rational under any circumstances.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A person devoted to studying and producing results in philosophy.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One who philosophizes; one versed in, or devoted to, philosophy.
  • n. One who reduces the principles of philosophy to practice in the conduct of life; one who lives according to the rules of practical wisdom; one who meets or regards all vicissitudes with calmness.
  • n. An alchemist.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. One who is devoted to the search for fundamental truth; in a restricted sense, one who is versed in or studies the metaphysical and moral sciences; a metaphysician.
  • n. One who conforms his life to the principles of philosophy, especially to those of the Stoical school; one who lives according to reason or the rules of practical wisdom.
  • n. An alchemist: so called with reference to the search for the philosopher's stone.
  • n.
  • n. One who deals in any magic art.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a specialist in philosophy
  • n. a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity


Middle English philosophre, from alteration of Old French philosophe, from Latin philosophus, from Greek philosophos, lover of wisdom, philosopher : philo-, philo- + sophiā, knowledge, learning.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Anglo-Norman or Middle French philosophe, from Latin philosophus, from Ancient Greek φίλος (philos, "beloved, loving") + σοφός (sophos, "wise"), from σοφία (sophia, "wisdom") + -er. (Wiktionary)


  • As to the term philosopher's stone, he alleged that it was a mere figure, to deceive the vulgar.

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  • But I do believe that he will be the personification of what I call the philosopher king.

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  • If they are, they possess a virtue which produces, in some measure at all events, all those effects which the alchemist usually ascribes to what he calls the philosopher's stone; and if their content does not bring riches, it banishes the desire for them.

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  • And this is what they call a philosopher in France!

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  • But despite its runaway success in Great Britain, the U.S. publisher changed it to "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone" because they believed that no American child would buy a book containing the word philosopher.

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  • This virtue does indeed produce, in some measure, all those effects which the alchymist usually ascribes to what he calls the philosopher's stone; and if it does not bring riches, it does the same thing, by banishing the desire of them.

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  • But unlike Karl Barth or Paul Tillich, for example, who saw themselves as fusing philosophy and theology, Rosenstock-Huessy refused to see himself primarily as a philosopher or theologian ” though when the term philosopher was qualified by the preceding ˜social™, he was more willing to accept that designation. [

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  • I sometimes wish that I were: Socrates described himself as shameless, and argued that any true philosopher is by definition shameless, because the true philosopher loves wisdom/truth above all else, and certainly above any concern for social approval.

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  • The first-time candidate and small-government philosopher is practically tea party royalty since his father is libertarian hero Ron Paul, the Texas congressman.

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