from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Socrates 470?-399 B.C. Greek philosopher whose indefatigable search for ethical knowledge challenged conventional mores and led to his trial and execution on charges of impiety and corrupting the youth. Although Socrates wrote nothing, his method of question and answer is captured in the dialogues of Plato, his greatest pupil.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A Classical Greek philosopher.
- proper n. A male given name of mostly historical use.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. ancient Athenian philosopher; teacher of Plato and Xenophon (470-399 BC)
Thus ˜[Socrates has wisdom]™ will denote the proposition expressed by the words ˜Socrates has wisdom™, and ˜[Socrates]™ and ˜[wisdom]™ will denote the ideas expressed by the words ˜Socrates™ and
Take Socrates 'utterance of ˜Socrates utters a falsehood™, where Socrates utters nothing else.
He holds that in the casus where Socrates himself says just ˜Socrates is saying a falsehood™ and nothing else, his proposition cannot, on pain of contradiction, signify just as it normally does (“precisely as its words pretend,” as he puts it).
SOCRATES: All agents have a different patient in Socrates, accordingly as he is well or ill.
SOCRATES: Suppose that some one came to us at this moment and were to ask, Well, Socrates and Eryxias and Erasistratus, can you tell me what is of the greatest value to men?
SOCRATES: Then consider the matter in this way: — Imagine that I am about to play truant (you may call the proceeding by any name which you like), and the laws and the government come and interrogate me: ‘Tell us, Socrates,’ they say;
SOCRATES: And suppose I were to be asked by some one: What is that common quality, Socrates, which, in all these uses of the word, you call quickness?
SOCRATES: Come now, suppose that you were to say to me: 'Since you, Socrates, are able to assign different passages in Homer to their corresponding arts, I wish that you would tell me what are the passages of which the excellence ought to be judged by the prophet and prophetic art'; and you will see how readily and truly I shall answer you.
Thus in ˜You know Socrates approaching™, the predicate ˜know Socrates approaching™ appellates its concept, the ratio ˜Socrates approaching™, so the proposition is false unless you are aware who it is; whereas in
It is explained by reason of the fact that the predicate appellates its form (for ˜You know Socrates approaching™ requires that the predicate ˜know Socrates approaching™ be true of you and so is false), whereas ˜Socrates approaching you know™ requires only that ˜Him you know™ be true, referring to Socrates, and it is true.