Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun In Hinduism and Tibetan Buddhism, a personal spiritual teacher.
  • noun Any of the ten successive spiritual teachers who developed Sikhism between the 16th and 18th centuries.
  • noun A trusted counselor and adviser; a mentor.
  • noun A popular or influential leader or advocate, as of a movement or idea.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A Hindu spiritual teacher or guide. Also written gooroo.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun Same as gooroo.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun each of the first ten leaders of the Sikh religion
  • noun a recognized leader in some field or of some movement
  • noun a Hindu or Buddhist religious leader and spiritual teacher

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Hindi guru, from Sanskrit guruḥ, from guru-, heavy.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Hindi गुरू (guru) / Urdu گرو (guru), from Sanskrit गुरु (gurú, "venerable, respectable"), originally "heavy" and in this sense cognate to English grieve. (A traditional etymology based on the Advaya Taraka Upanishad (line 16) describes the syllables gu as 'darkness' and ru as 'destroyer', thus meaning "one who destroys/dispels darkness")

Examples

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