from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. One who is highest in rank or authority; a leader.
  • n. A chief petty officer.
  • n. Nautical The chief engineer of a ship.
  • n. Slang A boss.
  • n. Heraldry The upper section of a shield.
  • n. The most important or valuable part.
  • adj. Highest in rank, authority, or office.
  • adj. Most important or influential. See Usage Note at absolute.
  • adv. Archaic Chiefly.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An informal address to an equal.
  • adj. Primary; principal.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Highest in office or rank; principal; head.
  • adj. Principal or most eminent in any quality or action; most distinguished; having most influence; taking the lead; most important.
  • adj. Very intimate, near, or close.
  • n. The head or leader of any body of men; a commander, as of an army; a head man, as of a tribe, clan, or family; a person in authority who directs the work of others; the principal actor or agent.
  • n. The principal part; the most valuable portion.
  • n. The upper third part of the field. It is supposed to be composed of the dexter, sinister, and middle chiefs.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A head; the head or upper part of anything.
  • n. The person highest in authority; the head or head man.
  • n. A principal, leader, or director in general; especially, the hereditary or the chosen head of a clan or tribe: used as a title particularly for the heads of Scottish Highland clans, and for the controlling or governing heads of uncivilized or semi-civilized tribes.
  • n. The principal officer of a bureau or division of the civil service, or of an editorial staff, newspaper office, mercantile establishment, or other organized body.
  • n. The principal or most important part or portion; the bulk or larger part of one thing or of many.
  • n. In heraldry, the head or upper part of the escutcheon, from side to side, cut off horizontally by a straight line, and containing properly a third part of the dimensions of the escutcheon.
  • n. The prime; the most important part.
  • n. At the head; in the principal or highest position or office: as, the commander-in-chief.
  • n. In heraldry, charged upon the upper part of the shield: a term generally used when the chief itself is not indicated
  • n. Directly: said of land tenure: as, to hold land in chief (to hold it directly from the sovereign by honorable personal services).
  • n. In direct or original procedure: as, an examination in chief. See examination.
  • n. Synonyms Chief, Chieftain, Commander, Leader, Head, Chief, literally the head, is applied to one who occupies the highest rank in military or civil matters: as, an Indian chief; a military chief; the chief of a department in the civil service; a party chief. Chieftain is now mostly poetic, and is sometimes used in prose where the leadership is peculiarly suggestive of the past: as, a Highland chieftain. A commander is one who issues commands to a body or organization of a military or naval character, or has authority over it: as, the commander of the army in the East; the commander of the Asiatic squadron. A leader is the head of a party or faction, or one who conducts some special undertaking, perhaps actually going at the head: as, the leader of the House of Commons; the leader of the Conservative or Republican party; the leader of the storming party or forlorn hope; a leader of fashion. Head is applied to the chief of a tribe or family or profession: as, the head of the house of Cavendish; the head of the church; the head of the bar.
  • Highest in office, authority, rank, or estimation; placed above the rest; principal: as, a chief priest; the chief butler.
  • Hence— Principal or most eminent, in any quality or action; such that others (things, persons, particulars of any kind) are by comparison inferior or subordinate; most important; leading; main; most conspicuous.
  • Intimate; near; close.
  • Synonyms First, paramount, supreme, cardinal, capital, prime, vital, especial, essential, great, grand.
  • Chiefly. Thomson.
  • n. The senior general-staff officer on the staff of the commander of an army, army-corps, division, or department.
  • n. The senior officer on the personal staff of a flag-officer in command of a fleet or squadron. When practicable, he is senior in rank to all other officers under command of the flag-officer.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the head of a tribe or clan
  • adj. most important element
  • n. a person who is in charge
  • n. a person who exercises control over workers


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English chef, from Old French, from Latin caput, head; see kaput- in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English, from Old French chief ("leader"), from Late Latin capum ("head") (from which also captain, chieftain), from Latin caput ("head") (English cap ("head covering")), from Proto-Indo-European *kauput- (English head).



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  • In heraldry, the head or upper part of the shield, containing a third of the field, divided off by one line, either straight or crenellé (indented). When one chief is borne upon another it is called surmounting.

    November 25, 2007