from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • The capital of Kazakhstan, in the north-central part of the country. Founded as a fortress in 1824, it was a small mining town until the 1950s when it became the center of a vast agricultural project initiated by Nikita Khrushchev. The capital was shifted from Almaty in 1997.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun The capital of Kazakhstan.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun remote city of Kazakhstan that (ostensibly for security reasons) was made the capital in 1998


Sorry, no etymologies found.



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