from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. See Bulgarian.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. a member of the migratory Turkic people from Central Asia which conquered Moesia in the 7th century and settled what is now Bulgaria; part of them migrated to the Volga basin and established Volga Bulgaria
  • n. a Bulgarian
  • adj. of or relating to Bulgars
  • proper n. the Turkic language of the Bulgar people
  • proper n. a historical group of Turkic dialects, the only extant member of which is Chuvash

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A member of an ancient Finnish race, living on the Volga, the Don, the Danube, etc.
  • n. One of the Slavic inhabitants of Bulgaria; a Bulgarian.


Medieval Latin Bulgarus, from Greek Boulgaros, from Turkic bulghar, of mixed origin, promiscuous, from bulgamaq, to mix.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin Bulgarus, from Turkic bulɣar ("of mixed origin"), from bulɣamak ("to mix"). (Wiktionary)



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  • Missing from both the definition and the examples is an understanding of the word "bulgar"which is well known to klezmer musicians and aficionados of the genre. The Bulgar is an instrumental dance form in 2/4 time (less frequently written in 4/4) which is common in the klezmer repertoire. It is usually played quite fast and is distinguished from other dance forms by its characteristic rhythmic accompaniment pattern.

    January 19, 2012