from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A family of North American Indian languages spoken formerly in the Dakotas, Kansas, Nebraska, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana and presently in North Dakota and Oklahoma.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Pertaining to the Caddo.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a family of North American Indian languages spoken widely in the Midwest by the Caddo
Sorry, no etymologies found.
But somewhere along the way, Texans, known for malapropisms and creative spellings, (heck, the name of the state is even a refashioning of a Caddoan word, Tejas, which means friends) took out the extra "i" and decided to call it pimento.
A thousand years later, Caddoan potters in Oklahoma produced jars with abstract markings in the glaze known as "fire clouds," the result of exposure to irregular firing.
Hokan, Macro-Siouan (including Caddoan and Iroquoian) and Gulf (which hypothetically includes Muskogean together with various other Southeastern languages) are listed as "stocks", in the sense of hypothetical related groups above the level of the family.
The Coosa city-states, in western Georgia, and the Caddoan-speaking civilization, centered on the Texas-Arkansas border, disintegrated soon after Soto appeared.
Between Soto's and La Salle's visits, Perttula believes, the Caddoan population fell from about 200,000 to about 8,500 — a drop of nearly 96 percent.
The Caddoan tribes were mostly agricultural and sedentary, and to-day they are distinguished by their industry and intelligence.
CADDO, a confederacy of North American Indian tribes which gave its name to the Caddoan stock, represented in the south by the Caddos, Wichita and
Their hunting ground extended westward and southwestward, chiefly north of the Platte and along the Elkhorn, to the territory of the Ponka and the Pawnee (Caddoan); and in 1766 Carver met their hunting parties on Minnesota river.
The Caddoan group, dwelling formerly west of the Mississippi, in
Adái words have a more or less remote affinity with Caddoan, and he regards it as a Caddoan dialect.