from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • Fair, reasonable and nondiscriminatory; a standard used with respect to licensing.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • He said the issues at stake around industry standards from Monday's hearing concern the wider industry at large as all handset makers implement what is known as "FRAND" fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory standards and rely on those licensing commitments.

  • Many standards-setting organizations ask member companies to license essential patents under what are called fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory terms, a commitment also known as FRAND.

    Apple Sues Motorola in Latest Legal Spat

  • When those technologies were turned into industry standards, the companies involved agreed to issue licenses for their patents under fair, reasonable and nondiscriminatory terms, also known as FRAND.

    U.S. to Clear Google's Deal

  • Unlike regular patents, they must be licensed on a fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory basis—known as FRAND.

    EU Asks Tech Giants for Patent Details

  • The complaint alleges that these patents are essential to one or more of the GSM, UMTS and 802.11 wireless communications standards, and that the Company has the right to license these patents from plaintiff on fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory ( "FRAND") terms and conditions.


  • Apple has repeatedly claimed that its competitors have violated FRAND commitments as litigation over smartphone technology has continued to rise.

    Apple Sues Motorola in Latest Legal Spat

  • In November, Apple sent a letter to a European standards body asking for an overhaul of FRAND agreements and a framework for how those patents are licensed.

    Apple Sues Motorola in Latest Legal Spat

  • Among its recommendations, Apple said there should be an agreed-to base royalty as well as promises that companies won't seek or enforce injunctions against any competitor alleged to have infringed a FRAND patent.

    Apple Sues Motorola in Latest Legal Spat

  • Google Inc., which struck a deal last year to acquire Motorola for $12.5 billion, sent a letter to dozens of European standards bodies saying it will maintain many of Motorola's practices and prices for FRAND patents.

    Apple Sues Motorola in Latest Legal Spat

  • Microsoft, for example, promised on Wednesday to license its FRAND patents in a fair way.

    U.S. to Clear Google's Deal


Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.

  • Used in the patent world; see also RAND.

    July 21, 2012