from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The systematic practice of discriminating against and segregating Black people, especially as practiced in the American South from the end of Reconstruction to the mid-20th century.
- adj. Upholding or practicing discrimination against and segregation of Black people: Jim Crow laws; a Jim Crow town.
- adj. Reserved or set aside for a racial or ethnic group that is to be discriminated against: "I told them I wouldn't take a Jim Crow job” ( Ralph Bunche).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A generic name for the Negro.
- proper n. Southern United States racist and especially segregationist policies in the late 1800s and early to mid 1900s, taken collectively.
- n. A World War II code name for patrols along the British coastline to intercept enemy aircraft, originally intended to warn of invasion in 1940.
- adj. Discriminatory against African Americans.
- adj. Segregated between African Americans and Caucasians.
They did have a short time when they could vote after ... and if you have read the books on Reconstruction, and I suppose that the best one is Vann Woodwards, you know, Jim Crow and then The Origins of the New South.
For almost a century, the filibuster was the South’s weapon of choice in its efforts to protect Jim Crow from federal interference, the legal blockade that effectively gutted the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments.
For them, it seems to capture a vision of America finally freed from the past of Jim Crow and slavery, Japanese internment camps and Mexican braceros, workplace tensions and cultural conflict-an America that fulfills Dr. King’s promise that we be judged not by the color of our skin but by the content of our character.
And I went to the Jim Crow section and never knew I was being Jim Crowed.
Certainly this has been true in our efforts to end racial discrimination; as important as moral exhortation was in changing hearts and minds of white Americans during the civil rights era, what ultimately broke the back of Jim Crow and ushered in a new era of race relations were the Supreme Court cases culminating in Brown v. Board of Education, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.