from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The systematic practice of discriminating against and segregating Black people, especially as practiced in the American South from the end of Reconstruction to the mid-20th century.
- adj. Upholding or practicing discrimination against and segregation of Black people: Jim Crow laws; a Jim Crow town.
- adj. Reserved or set aside for a racial or ethnic group that is to be discriminated against: "I told them I wouldn't take a Jim Crow job” ( Ralph Bunche).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A generic name for the Negro.
- proper n. Southern United States racist and especially segregationist policies in the late 1800s and early to mid 1900s, taken collectively.
- n. A World War II code name for patrols along the British coastline to intercept enemy aircraft, originally intended to warn of invasion in 1940.
- adj. Discriminatory against African Americans.
- adj. Segregated between African Americans and Caucasians.
Rosa Parks was promptly arrested for her willful disregard for what were known as the Jim Crow laws.
LAMB: Did you ever know what the origin is of the name Jim Crow?
Pierce said his mother was hurt and insulted by the film, because her experience was, in fact, significantly worse than what was portrayed in the film what he was referring to as "Jim Crow lite".
Don't you realize that the infamous vicious regime know as Jim Crow died, and that all Americans are living in a Kumbaya-Shangrila-Utopia of racial bliss?
Then, again, in the 1950’s, another religious leader gave birth to a different kind of racism; which we know as the Jim Crow era.
Just days before the Wrigley exhibition, the U.S. Navy announced that, despite yawning manpower shortages, it would delay induction of black sailors until segregated barracks at Chicago’s Great Lakes Naval Training Station could be completed.75 Maintaining Jim Crow, in other words, took precedence over mobilizing for a world war.
But during the long period of legalized segregation known as Jim Crow, his reputation plummeted.
Certainly the inscription-wall quotations should have focused exclusively on his crusade against Jim Crow, which is the reason he has a memorial near Thomas Jefferson's, Franklin Delano Roosevelt's and Abraham Lincoln's.
America's first Reconstruction was a time of promise and unfulfilled dreams, of universal public education and the Freedmen's Bureau, of 40 acres and a mule rescinded, and of federal troops leaving freed slaves to the whims of the Klan and the Crow -- Jim Crow, that is.
Since they were called Jim Crow laws, it most definitely was a government program.