from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Bible The first of the two main divisions of the Christian Bible, corresponding to the Hebrew Scriptures. See Table at Bible.
  • n. The covenant of God with Israel as distinguished in Christianity from the dispensation of Jesus constituting the New Testament.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. The first major part of the Christian Bible, covering events before the coming of Christ, corresponding roughly to the Jewish Tanakh. Usually subdivided into the categories of law, history, poetry (or wisdom books) and prophecy.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. See Old Testament under Testament, and see tanak.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people; the first half of the Christian Bible


A retronym, by comparison with the New Testament. (Wiktionary)


  • For example—as we have seen—Geza Vermes, in his attempt to define the historical Jesus, came to the conclusion that he best fitted the mould of the Hasidim, the heirs to the Old Testament prophets.

    The Templar Revelation

  • Both the Old Testament and the New Testament are unequivocal in their condemnation of homosexual sex, of fornication a term rarely used anymore, of adultery.


  • Vermes presents Jesus as a Hasid—one of the rather shaman-like heirs to the Old Testament prophets who were noted for their independence from institutional Judaism and for their miracles.

    The Templar Revelation

  • Catholic scholars, is that not only the Jewish Canon of the Psalms but the entire Palestinian Canon of the Old Testament was practically closed during the time of Esdras (see CANON).

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 12: Philip II-Reuss

  • One of the Sapiential writings of the Old Testament placed in the

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 12: Philip II-Reuss

  • —Advice from Philip Yancey on reading and understanding the Old Testament

    The Courage To Be Christian

  • For although carvings of the ‘Green Man’—the vegetation god who has been venerated in most rural regions of Europe—can be seen in many otherwise Christian churches, such as Norwich Cathedral, he is not usually depicted as being the offspring of an Old Testament goddess.

    The Templar Revelation

  • When I was a child, I experienced a number of Passover Seders, which celebrate the Old Testament account of Moses and his role in helping free the Jewish people from slavery in Egypt.

    The Sacred Promise

  • But in the Old Testament Bethel becomes a rival power-centre to Jerusalem—giving the concept of Bethel the connotation of alternative or rival to the ‘official’ religious centre.

    The Templar Revelation

  • Greek lytron which, in the Old Testament means generally a ransom-price.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 12: Philip II-Reuss


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