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- proper n. Ancient Syriac kingdom and region in northwestern Mesopotamia, which enjoyed semi-autonomy to complete independence from the years of 132 BCE to 244 CE. Language: Syriac. Capital: Edessa.
The provinces of the East, with the exception of Osroene and Isauria, contributed gold instead of actual equipment.
Jerome [Commentary on Matthew] says that he was sent to Edessa, to Abgarus, king of Osroene, or Edessa, and that he preached in Syria, Arabia, Mesopotamia, and Persia, in which last country he suffered martyrdom.
It is obvious from this statement that, before the termination of the second century, synodical government was established throughout the whole Church; for we here trace its operation in France, in Mesopotamia or Osroene, in Italy, Pontus, and Palestine.
There were, for instance, _Baltis_, an "Our Lady" from Osroene beyond the Euphrates;  _Aziz_, the "strong god" of Edessa, who was identified with the star Lucifer;  _Malakbel_, the "Lord's messenger," patron of the soldiers from Palmyra, who appeared with several companions at Rome, in Numidia and in Dacia. [
And another besides from the Churches in Osroene and the cities in that quarter. "