Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Of, relating to, or being a style of European architecture containing both Roman and Byzantine elements, prevalent especially in the 11th and 12th centuries and characterized by massive walls, round arches, and relatively simple ornamentation.
  • adjective Of, relating to, or being corresponding styles in painting and sculpture.
  • noun A Romanesque style of architecture, painting, or sculpture.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Roman or Romance.
  • Hence— Same as romantic, 5.
  • Noting the dialect of Languedoc. See II., 2.—
  • [lowercase] Pertaining to romance; romantic. [A Gallicism.]
  • the late, fully developed Romanesque of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, which comprises the advanced and differentiated Lombard, Rhenish, Saxon, Norman, and Burgundian styles. The latter division, while retaining the semicircular arch and other characteristic features of Roman architecture, is in every sense an original style of great richness and dignity, always inferior, however, to the succeeding Pointed style in the less perfect stability of its round arch and vault, the greater heaviness and less organic quality of its structure (the Romanesque architect, like the old Roman, still trusting for stability rather to the massiveness of his walls than, like his succcessor in the thirteenth century, to the scientific combination of a skeleton framework of masonry), the inferior flexibility of its design, and the archaic character of its figure-sculpture, of which much, however, is admirable in the best examples, particularly in France. See medieval architecture (under medieval), and compare cuts under Norman, Rhenish, and modillion.
  • noun The early medieval style of architecture and ornament founded in the West upon those of the later Roman empire, and the varieties into which it is subdivided, known as Lombard, Norman, Rhenish, etc. See I.
  • noun The common dialect of Languedoc and some other districts in the south of France.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective (Arch.) Somewhat resembling the Roman; -- applied sometimes to the debased style of the later Roman empire, but esp. to the more developed architecture prevailing from the 8th century to the 12th.
  • adjective Of or pertaining to romance or fable; fanciful.
  • adjective (Arch.) that which grew up from the attempts of barbarous people to copy Roman architecture and apply it to their own purposes. This term is loosely applied to all the styles of Western Europe, from the fall of the Western Roman Empire to the appearance of Gothic architecture.
  • noun Romanesque style.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective Somewhat resembling the Roman; -- applied sometimes to the debased style of the later Roman Empire, but especially to the more developed architecture prevailing from the 8th century to the 12th.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a style of architecture developed in Italy and western Europe between the Roman and the Gothic styles after 1000 AD; characterized by round arches and vaults and by the substitution of piers for columns and profuse ornament and arcades

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Roman +‎ -esque

Examples

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