from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • A former empire of eastern Europe and northern Asia. From a collection of mostly Slavic principalities dominated by the Tatars, Russia emerged as a unified state centered around Moscow between the 14th and 16th centuries. The empire spread quickly to the east and south, becoming a world power by the 18th century. In the 19th century, Russia experienced a flowering of the arts and literature and some liberal social reforms, but popular discontent with the conservative Tsarist government led to revolutions in 1905 and 1917, the collapse of the empire, and the formation of the USSR in 1922.
  • A country of eastern Europe and northern Asia stretching from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean. Formerly the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, the largest of the constituent republics of the USSR, it became an independent state in 1991 with Boris Yeltsin as the country's first directly elected president. In that same year, with Belarus and Ukraine, Russia formed the Commonwealth of Independent States, which was eventually joined by 12 of the 15 former Soviet republics. In March 1992 Russia signed a treaty with most of the semiautonomous ethnic territories within its borders, establishing the Russian Federation. Moscow is the capital.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Short for Russia leather.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun A country of Europe and Asia.
  • noun a kind of sheet iron made in Russia, having a lustrous blue-black surface.
  • noun a soft kind of leather, made originally in Russia but now elsewhere, having a peculiar odor from being impregnated with an oil obtained from birch bark. It is much used in bookbinding, on account of its not being subject to mold, and being proof against insects.
  • noun matting manufactured in Russia from the inner bark of the linden (Tilia Europæa).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun A country in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. The Country extends from the Gulf of Finland to the Pacific Ocean, and was part of the USSR from 1922 to 1991. Co-official name - Russian Federation, formerly the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), Capital and largest city Moscow
  • proper noun historical, informal The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a very common name, although more formally Russia, the RSFSR, was one of several constituent republics of the USSR).
  • proper noun historical The Russian Empire.
  • proper noun historical, dated Rus, the medieval East Slavic state.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a federation in northeastern Europe and northern Asia; formerly Soviet Russia; since 1991 an independent state
  • noun a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; established in 1922; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics (Ukraine and Byelorussia and others); officially dissolved 31 December 1991
  • noun formerly the largest Soviet Socialist Republic in the USSR occupying eastern Europe and northern Asia
  • noun a former empire in eastern Europe and northern Asia created in the 14th century with Moscow as the capital; powerful in the 17th and 18th centuries under Peter the Great and Catherine the Great when Saint Petersburg was the capital; overthrown by revolution in 1917


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • DMITRY MEDVEDEV, RUSSIA (through translator): Russia will not support anyone or act in such circumstances.

    CNN Transcript Sep 18, 2009

  • Here we have our Secretary of State-- the highest diplomatic official of the United States of America-- employing a cringeworthy, cutesy, corny, simpering gesture; and the message itself-- basically, pandering to Russia *Russia*!

    So Hillary Clinton gave Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov a large plastic button with the word "overcharge" on it.

  • ABC headline of tonight's interview with Sarah Palin, says apparently she impliesWAR MAY BE NECESSARY IF RUSSIA INVADES ANOTHER COUNTRYSo let me get this straight if Russia finds itself in a war over ...

    Max Bergmann: War over Transdniestria?

  • ABC headline of tonight's interview with Sarah Palin, says apparently she impliesWAR MAY BE NECESSARY IF RUSSIA INVADES ANOTHER COUNTRYSo let me get this straight if Russia finds itself in a war over ...

    Max Bergmann: War over Transdniestria?

  • BORIS YELTSIN, FORMER PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA (THROUGH TRANSLATOR): At that time, I had only one thought -- to save Russia, to save this country, to save democracy in the whole world.

    CNN Transcript Apr 23, 2007

  • NATO TO SURROUND RUSSIA yahooBuzzArticleHeadline = 'NATO TO SURROUND RUSSIA'; yahooBuzzArticleSummary = 'Article: Russia pulls out of 1990 treaty as U.S. and its military agent NATO continue to surround her.'


  • VLADIMIR PUTIN, RUSSIA (through translator): For Russia, these situations are technologically very similar.

    CNN Transcript Oct 26, 2007

  • VLADIMIR PUTIN, RUSSIA: (THROUGH TRANSLATOR): Such cooperation, I believe, would result in raising to an entirely new level the quality of cooperation between Russia and the United States.

    CNN Transcript Jul 2, 2007

  • VLADIMIR PUTIN, RUSSIA (THROUGH TRANSLATOR): Russia is maintaining contacts with the Hamas organization and intends in the near future to invite the leadership of this organization to Moscow.

    CNN Transcript Feb 19, 2006

  • DARIYA PUSHKOVA, RUSSIA TODAY: Well, my feeling is that say in the ` 90s, there was a total anarchy and (INAUDIBLE) inside Russia.

    CNN Transcript Oct 27, 2006


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