Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A member of an ancient Iranian people whose homeland was in the area around Samarkand and who had established settlements throughout Chinese Turkistan before the advent of Islam.
  • noun The extinct Middle Iranian language of this people, known chiefly from texts and inscriptions dating from the second to the ninth centuries AD.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective of or relating to Sogdiana
  • proper noun An extinct Middle Iranian language spoken around Sogdiana.
  • noun A native of Sogdiana

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Latin Sogdiānus, from Greek Sogdoi, Sogdians, from Old Persian Sug(u)da-.]

Examples

  • The first and most heavily fortified was a stronghold known as the Sogdian Rock on top of a mountain hundreds of feet high surrounded on all sides by precipitous cliffs.

    Alexander the Great

  • The first and most heavily fortified was a stronghold known as the Sogdian Rock on top of a mountain hundreds of feet high surrounded on all sides by precipitous cliffs.

    Alexander the Great

  • The first and most heavily fortified was a stronghold known as the Sogdian Rock on top of a mountain hundreds of feet high surrounded on all sides by precipitous cliffs.

    Alexander the Great

  • With the troops under his own command he marched against the fortress called the Sogdian Rock, seated on an isolated hill, so precipitous as to be deemed inaccessible, and so well supplied with provisions as to defy a blockade.

    A Smaller history of Greece From the earliest times to the Roman conquest

  • Some, including Avestan, the language of the Zoroastrians and their sacred religious texts, and Sogdian, which gained wide use as a lingua franca among merchants and traders along the ancient Silk Route, are extinct.

    The English Is Coming!

  • Some, including Avestan, the language of the Zoroastrians and their sacred religious texts, and Sogdian, which gained wide use as a lingua franca among merchants and traders along the ancient Silk Route, are extinct.

    The English Is Coming!

  • By this point the Sogdian leader and his officers had fled, so the Macedonian captain left most of his troops encircling the area and entered the town with only a handful of men.

    Alexander the Great

  • This immoderate love took the form of dragging her through the steppes and over mountains with him on his raids, whereas most Sogdian commanders would have left their wives at home.

    Alexander the Great

  • Once again he was no closer to a solution of the Sogdian situation than he had been the previous autumn.

    Alexander the Great

  • He speculates that communities of Sogdian traders might have adapted rituals and costumes to caravan life.

    A Mysterious Stranger in China

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.

  • historical note in comment on picul and on Turco-Sogdian. Also, following:

    "The eight Sogdian-language letters found by Stein are largely intact. ... the workmen showed him what they had discovered: some colored silks, a wooden case, Chinese documents dating to the early first century CE, a piece of silk with Kharoshthi script on it from before 400 CE, and 'one small roll after another of neatly folded paper containing what was manifestly some Western writing.' The script resembled Aramaic ... Only later was the unfamiliar script identified as Sogdian...."
    --Valerie Hansen, The Silk Road: A New History (Oxford and New York: Oxford UP, 2012), 116-117


    "Named one of the top ten archaeological discoveries of 2001, the tomb of An Jia is the only tomb of a Sogdian that had not been previously disturbed when archaeologists uncovered it. ... An Jia, as his epitaph reports, was descended from a Sogdian family from Bukhara (in modern Uzbekistan) who had migrated to Liangzhou, what is now Wuwei ... An Jia was born in 537 to a Sogdian father and probably a Chinese mother from a local Wuwei family. ..."
    --Valerie Hansen, The Silk Road: A New History (Oxford and New York: Oxford UP, 2012), 143-144

    December 30, 2016