from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • A country of southwest Asia on the eastern Mediterranean coast. Ancient Syria also included Lebanon, most of present-day Israel and Jordan, and part of Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Settled c. 2100 BC by Amorites, the region was later conquered by Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans. Islam was introduced in the seventh century by Muslim Arab conquerors. Syria was a province of the Ottoman Empire from 1516 until 1918, and the part comprising present-day Syria and Lebanon became a French League of Nations mandate in 1920. Separated from Lebanon by the French, Syria achieved full independence in 1946. In 1958 it merged with Egypt to form the United Arab Republic, which disintegrated in 1961. Damascus is the capital and the largest city.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun A country in the Middle East. Official name: Syrian Arab Republic.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun an Asian republic in the Middle East at the east end of the Mediterranean; site of some of the world's most ancient centers of civilization


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin Syria, from Ancient Greek Συρία.



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