from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Judaism The collection of ancient Rabbinic writings consisting of the Mishnah and the Gemara, constituting the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A collection of Jewish writings related to the practical application of Judaic law and tradition (may refer to either the Babylonian Talmud or the shorter Jerusalem Talmud).

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The body of the Jewish civil and canonical law not comprised in the Pentateuch.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In Jewish lit., the body of traditionary laws, precepts, and interpretations contained in the Mishnah and its complement or completion called the Gemara, the former being the text on which the latter is based.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish law and tradition (the Mishna and the Gemara) that constitute the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism


Mishnaic Hebrew talmûd, learning, instruction, from Hebrew lāmad, to learn; see lmd in Semitic roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Hebrew תלמוד (talmud, "instruction, learning"). (Wiktionary)



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