from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • Xenophanes 560?-478? B.C. Greek philosopher whose rationalism is often regarded as a major influence on the Eleatic tradition.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A Greek given name.
  • proper n. The pre-Socratic philosopher Xenophanes of Colophon.
  • n. By extension, a profound or transformative religious thinker.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. Greek philosopher (560-478 BC)


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Ancient Greek Ξενοφάνης (Xenophanēs). The name means “of foreign appearance” and is composed of ξένος (ksenos, "foreign") + φαίνω (phainō, "appear").


  • The ancient historiographic tradition naturally associates Parmenides with thinkers such as Xenophanes and the Pythagoreans active in Magna Graecia, the Greek-speaking regions of southern Italy, whom he may well have encountered.


  • In the fifth century BC, Greek philosopher Xenophanes wrote, "If horses had gods, they would look like horses."

    Jeffrey Small: Moving Beyond A Human Image Of God

  • Sicily or lived there include Parmenides, Empedocles, Pythagoras, and Xenophanes.

    A Review of Greek Cities in Italy and Sicily, by David Randall-MacIver

  • Else it would have taught Hesiod and Pythagoras, as well as Xenophanes and Hecataeus.

    Doctor, My Eyes

  • Although he was influenced in a number of ways by the thought and language of his predecessors, including the epic poets Homer and Hesiod, the poet and philosopher Xenophanes, the historian and antiquarian Hecataeus, the religious guru Pythagoras, the sage Bias of Priene, the poet Archilochus, and the Milesian philosophers, he criticized most of them either explicitly or implicitly, and struck out on his own path.

    Doctor, My Eyes

  • Other famous Greeks mentioned in the book who visited Sicily or lived there include Parmenides, Empedocles, Pythagoras, and Xenophanes.

    Greek Cities in Italy and Sicily by David Randall-MacIver (1931)

  • He argues that the idea of the cosmos breathing is archaic and that it may have been attacked long before Philolaus by Xenophanes, who pointedly describes his god as not breathing; Kahn also argues that the equivalence between air and void suggests a date before Anaxagoras (2001, 36-7).


  • Xenophanes 'remark is reported in only one testimonium (DK 21 A1) and is not found in any of the extant fragments of his book; if it is his, it need not be directed at anything other than general Greek anthropomorphism.


  • Having accounted for the formation of clouds in mechanistic terms through processes of vaporization and compression Xenophanes proceeds to make use of clouds to explain a large number of meteorlogical and astronomical phenomena.


  • Many later writers identified Xenophanes as the teacher of Parmenides and the founder of the Eleatic “school of philosophy” -- the view that, despite appearances, what there is is a motionless, changeless, and eternal ˜One™.



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