from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Vinegar.
- n. An acetic acid solution of a drug.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Vinegar (which see).
- n. A pharmaceutical preparation usually made by percolating a drug with dilute acetic acid.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a dilute solution of acetic acid that is used as a solvent (e.g. for a drug)
- n. sour-tasting liquid produced usually by oxidation of the alcohol in wine or cider and used as a condiment or food preservative
If you search out where it came from Pliny's Natural History, Book LXXII, a copy here, the whole sentance reads: "lanae et per se coactae vestem faciunt et, si addatur acetum, etiam ferro resistunt, immo vero etiam ignibus novissimo sui purgamento"
“Optimum et laudatissimum acetum a Romanis habebatur Ægyptum” (Facciolati); and possibly it was sweetened: the Gesta (Tale xvii.) mentions “must and vinegar.”
When used in the Liturgy the hymn is often broken into smaller hymns such as: Lustra sex qui iam peregit, En acetum, fel, arundo, and Crux fidelis inter omnes.
Quod etiam illi cum Germania commune esse crediderim, quòd videlicet nec illic panis crescat, nisi fortè in Munsteri, agro, vbi etiam acetum naturale optimè crescit.
Quod etiam illi cum Germania commune esse crediderim, qu騞 videlicet nec illic panis crescat, nisi fort� in Munsteri, agro, vbi etiam acetum naturale optim� crescit.
Rum, miscetur aqua -- dulci miscetur acetum, fiet et ex tali foedere -- nobile Punch. and our worthy grand-fathers used to take a dose of it every night in their lives, before going to bed, till doctor Cheyne alarmed them by the information, that they were pouring liquid fire down their throats.
_Chloride of sodium_ or common salt (fine), slightly damped, will entirely destroy the termites; and _acetum_ or vinegar, or _acetic acid_ either, will destroy or chase off the drivers.
And Horace, in a well-known phrase, speaks of Italum acetum, which the scholiast renders by Romana mordacitas.
It is not only in Satire that we meet this Italum acetum.
In no writer is the Italum acetum found in so undiluted a sort.