Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The methyl acyl group, CH3CO, formally derived from acetic acid.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A univalent radical supposed to exist in acetic acid and its derivatives.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Chem.) A complex, hypothetical radical, composed of two parts of carbon to three of hydrogen and one of oxygen. Its hydroxide is acetic acid.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun organic chemistry The univalent radical CH3CO- derived from acetic acid.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin acētum "vinegar" + Ancient Greek ὕλη (hylē) "substance".

Examples

  • All cholesterol is made from the basic molecule called acetyl CoA, which comes from the metabolism of carbohydrate, metabolism of extra protein, and metabolism of fat.

    Anatomy of a statin ad | The Blog of Michael R. Eades, M.D.

  • Based on their studies of salicum, researchers derived a synthetic drug called acetyl salicylic acid, better known today as aspirin.

    Earl Mindell’s New Herb Bible

  • Based on their studies of salicum, researchers derived a synthetic drug called acetyl salicylic acid, better known today as aspirin.

    Earl Mindell’s New Herb Bible

  • Based on their studies of salicum, researchers derived a synthetic drug called acetyl salicylic acid, better known today as aspirin.

    Earl Mindell’s New Herb Bible

  • Based on their studies of salicum, researchers derived a synthetic drug called acetyl salicylic acid, better known today as aspirin.

    Earl Mindell’s New Herb Bible

  • The antidote is a remarkable compound called acetyl cysteine.

    EzineArticles

  • Other compounds with hydrophobic portions and a negative charge, such as acetyl tryptophan, were also effective.

    Paul D. Boyer - Autobiography

  • He would obviously have to be sedated before we could do anything, and among the rush of new drugs were excellent tranquillisers such as acetyl promazine There was, however, the small matter of one of us grasping that leonine head while the other lifted a fold of skin and inserted the needle.

    Every living thing

  • Histones physically control access to genes, and adding small functional groups such as acetyl or methyl units to them can selectively switch certain genes on and off.

    innovations-report

  • Removal of the "acetyl" chemical groups on PGC-1alpha activates this protein so that it can turn on certain genes that generate mitochondria and turn muscle into the type suited for endurance.

    The Daily Galaxy: Great Discoveries Channel

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