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Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The main clause of a conditional sentence, as The game will be canceled in The game will be canceled if it rains.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The consequential clause in a conditional sentence.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The consequent clause or conclusion in a conditional sentence, expressing the result, and thus distinguished from the protasis or clause which expresses a condition. Thus, in the sentence, “Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him,” the former clause is the protasis, and the latter the apodosis.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In grammar, the concluding part of a conditional sentence; the consequent which results from or is dependent on the protasis, or condition; the conclusion.
  • n. In the Gr. Ch., the last day of a church festival when prolonged throughout several days.

Etymologies

Late Latin, from Greek, from apodidonai, to give back : apo-, apo- + didonai, to give; see dō- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Late Latin, from Ancient Greek ἀπόδοσις (apodosis), from ἀπό (apo, "back again") and δόσις (dosis, "gift") (Wiktionary)

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