from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Grammar The dependent clause of a conditional sentence, as if it rains in The game will be canceled if it rains.
- n. The first part of an ancient Greek or Roman drama, in which the characters and subject are introduced.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. the first part of a play, in which the setting and characters are introduced
- n. the antecedent in a conditional sentence
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A proposition; a maxim.
- n. The introductory or subordinate member of a sentence, generally of a conditional sentence; -- opposed to
apodosis. See Apodosis.
- n. The first part of a drama, of a poem, or the like; the introduction; opposed to
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A proposition; a maxim.
- n. In grammar and rhetoric, the first clause of a conditional sentence, being the condition on which the main term (apodosis) depends, or notwithstanding which it takes place: as, if we run (protasis), we shall be in time (apodosis); although he was incompetent (protasis), he was elected (apodosis). see apodosis.
- n. In the ancient drama, the first part of a play, in which the several persons are shown, their characters intimated, and the subject proposed and entered on: opposed to epitasis.
- n. In ancient prosody, the first colon of a dicolic verse or period.
Rather, containing the protasis from the last clause of Job 22: 23,
But don't trust Microsoft's word processor because it suggests the word "protasis" does not exist in the English language.
We have seen that both propositions of her protasis are false, and now for the apodosis.
To offer a grammatical example, it would be like someone pronouncing a protasis and not following it with an apodosis.
Therefore every one of these is of some use in speech; but nothing is a part or element of speech (as has been said) except a noun and a verb, which make the first juncture allowing of truth or falsehood, which some call a proposition or protasis, others an axiom, and which Plato called speech.
Is it that at first the ancients called that [Greek omitted], or speech, which once was called protasis and now is called axiom or proposition, — which as soon as a man speaks, he speaks either true or false?
Positing what protasis would the contraction for such several schemes become a natural and necessary apodosis?
It doubles itself in the middle of his life, reflects itself in another, repeats itself, protasis, epitasis, catastasis, catastrophe.
Indian on its Babylonian antecedent is clear from the identity of many entire omen statements — both protasis and apodosis.
Aristotle's own account of this word (Prior Analyt ii. 1) is [Greek: eis on dialuetai hae protasis], but both in the account of [Greek: nous] and here it seems that the proposition itself is really indicated by it.