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The smallest was the Chalkodamas aryballos, a spherical Spartan utensil less than two inches high.
The University of Pennsylvania Museum features everything from a nineteenth-century bronze cast of the satyr Silenos (left), to a helmet from the eighth-century B.C. (center), to an aryballos (right) from eastern Greece, ca. 600-570 B.C.
A Corinthian aryballos showing a swan between two roosters (Ministry of Culture, Hellenic Republic of Greece) [LARGERIMAGE]
The basic equipment of an athlete consisted only of an unguent jar (aryballos) of oil and a scraping instrument (strigil) for anointing and cleaning himself, though for various events a competitor might need boxing thongs, jumping weights, discus, or javelin.
I myself saw, in the little museum of Signor Sartoris at Primiero, a small aryballos-shaped vase of yellow clay with red ornamentation, which I should undoubtedly take to be of Etruscan workmanship, and which they told me had been found by himself in a field not far from the town.
A small aryballos - a pottery form generally used to carry oils or perfumes - is one of the artifacts Yale University is returning to Peru.
The collection includes one particularly special piece: a beautifully decorated Greek aryballos: an open salt container with rounded openings stemming from the 6th century BC.