from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun A tick-borne protozoan infection of animals, such as Texas fever of cattle, that is caused by species of Babesia.
- noun A human protozoan disease of red blood cells caused by species of Babesia that is transmitted by deer ticks and is characterized by fever, malaise, and hemolytic anemia. In the United States, it occurs chiefly in the Northeast and Midwest.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun pathology A
malaria-like parasiticdisease caused by Babesia, a genus of protozoa.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Diseases that have previously been thought to have limited impact, such as babesiosis, must be watched closely in a changing climate to assess how environmental conditions may tip the scale and cause more significant impacts on ecosystems, animals, and people.
Between 2001 and 2008, researchers noted a 20-fold increase in babesiosis in the Lower Hudson Valley in New York.
Between Jan. 1 and Aug. 20, 314 cases of babesiosis from ticks were reported.
Although numbers are not certain, people appear about 100 times more likely to get babesiosis from ticks than from blood transfusion, Herwaldt says.
It wasn't until this January that babesiosis became a disease that doctors were required to report to their local health department.
The Review article contained this sentence: "We watch such developments in this case the gradual "deportation of an English word into French" as we would watch the progress of a virus; like babesiosis and fog fever, such viruses afflict cattle and buffalo and wildebeest; they are the maladies of the herd."
Getting babesiosis through the blood supply is a rare event and people shouldn't panic, he said.
Although a blood screening test is in trials, Krause said, donors are currently only asked if they have had babesiosis, and those who harbored it but never showed symptoms can pass it through their donated blood.
And because most blood recipients are already physically compromised, babesiosis has about a 30 percent mortality rate in that group, he said.
To help prevent babesiosis, the CDC advises people with compromised immune systems or other vulnerabilities to avoid tick-infested wooded areas, particularly during warm months.