from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun See extract.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun See vital force.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun obsolete A supposed "growth force" in vitalism.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Ancient Greek


  • He gave the finest expression that science has yet known -- if it has known it -- of the kernel-idea of what is called "bathmism," the idea of an

    Evolution in Modern Thought

  • Mr. Cope lays great stress on the existence of a special developmental force termed "bathmism" or growth-force, which acts by means of retardation and acceleration "without any reference to fitness at all;" that "instead of being controlled by fitness it is the controller of fitness."

    Darwinism (1889)

  • There are a bunch of proposed theories that have been tossed bathmism, orthogenesis, aristogenesis, neo-Lamarckism, etc.

    Action: Push Ohio State Board of Education to Revisit Standards - The Panda's Thumb

  • Cope, Dr. E.D., on non-adaptive characters, 131 on fundamental laws of growth, 420 on bathmism or growth-force, 421 on use producing structural change, 422 on law of centrifugal growth, 422 on origin of the feet of ungulates, 423 on action of animal intelligence, 425

    Darwinism (1889)


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  • JM loves a nice long bathmism.

    September 12, 2010