from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Any of several unrelated American fish

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A trout (Salmo oquassa) inhabiting some of the lakes of Maine.
  • n. A salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) of the Columbia River and northward.
  • n. An American river herring (Clupea ├Žstivalis), closely allied to the alewife.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A local English name (current in Yorkshire) of the coal-fish, in allusion to the bluish color of the back.
  • n. The blue-backed salmon or nerka, Oncorhynchus nerka, known in Idaho as the red-fish.
  • n. In Maryland and Virginia, the glut-herring; a herring-like fish, Clupea ├Žstivalis, without vomerine or palatine teeth, with the lower jaw projecting but little, and the peritoneum blackish. It is much like the alewife, but of less value.
  • n. A local name in Maine of the blue-backed trout, Salvelinus oquassa.
  • n. The lake-herring, Argyrosomus artedi, of the Great Lakes.
  • n. A banknote of the Confederate States. Compare greenback.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • None of these small fish species -- menhaden, alewives and blueback herring -- have the widespread appeal of your average humpback whale or giant panda, but they do happen to sit near the bottom of the food chain.

    Peter Hanlon: Little Fish, Big Help

  • The NRDC is spearheading an effort to get river herring (shorthand here for blueback herring and alewife) listed as "threatened" under the Endangered Species Act, while the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (ASMFC) showed overwhelming support for new efforts to protect and rebuild the decimated menhaden stock.

    Peter Hanlon: Little Fish, Big Help

  • And put his clothes on in the blueback cold, then with cracked hands that ached from labor in the weekday weather made banked fires blaze.

    Happiness Shmappiness

  • As the sun starts getting low use the blueback/light belly - throw toward shore, rocks. and cover -- at dusk use silver or crome --- darkness use BLACK throw to the same spots - also pick coves or flats where the water is shallow.

    night fishing

  • In the Connecticut River watershed, the alewife floater (Anodonta implicata) relies on anadromous fishes, American shad (Alosa sapidissima), alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus), and blueback herring (Alosa aestivalis), as hosts.

    Freshwater mussels in North America - factors affecting their endangerment and extinction

  • It is the last remaining barrier on the mainstem of the Winnicut River and its removal effort, which also includes the installation of a fish passage structure upstream, will open more than 39 miles of upstream habitat for migratory fish such as alewives, blueback herring, and American eel.

    Augmented Reality: More than Hype? |NHPR|Word of Mouth

  • Fauna: Stockport Flats provides spawning and/or nursery ground for anadromous and freshwater fish species including alewife, blueback herring, American shad, rainbow smelt, striped bass and smallmouth bass.

    Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve, New York

  • Offshore shallows are used for spawning and/or nursery for anadromous and resident freshwater fishes, including alewife, blueback herring, white perch and striped bass.

    Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve, New York

  • Not to encourage bucket biology, but illegally introduced spotted bass and blueback herring, along with a minimum-size limit passed in 1999, have added tons of 2-pound-plus spots to this well-known largemouth lake.

    The 35 Best Bass Fishing Waters in the U.S.

  • Major anadromous fish include striped bass, alewife, and blueback herring which spawn in tributaries.

    Jacques Cousteau National Estuarine Research Reserve, New Jersey


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  • fascinatingly also known as a red-fish in Idaho.

    sockeye onchorynchus-nerka

    Is that the reason they are called sockeye?

    April 15, 2012