from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A closed four-wheeled carriage with an open driver's seat in front.
  • n. An automobile with an open driver's seat.
  • n. An electrically powered automobile resembling a coupé.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage, designed in 1839. It had an open seat for the driver in front of the closed cabin for two or four passengers.
  • n. An automobile, a sedan without a roof over the driver's seat.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A light, enclosed carriage, with seats inside for two or four, and the fore wheels so arranged as to turn short.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A four-wheeled close carriage, with one or two horses, and adapted to carry either two or four persons.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a sedan that has no roof over the driver's seat
  • n. light carriage; pulled by a single horse


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

After Henry Peter Brougham, First Baron Brougham and Vaux (1778-1868), Scottish-born jurist.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Named from Henry Peter, Lord Brougham (1778–1868), who either invented or popularized the vehicle.


  • Will you come out with me now – my brougham will be at the door directly – and I'll take you to a confectioner and let you choose for yourself?

    The Boys and I: A Child's Story for Children

  • The brougham was a token of harmony, of the fine conditions papa would this time offer: he had usually come for her in a hansom, with a four-wheeler behind for the boxes.

    What Maisie Knew

  • I am not the first doctor who has coined his brougham at night.

    A Simpleton

  • He smokes almost incessantly … It is now no uncommon thing to see a man in evening dress smoking in a brougham with a lady on their way to opera, theatre, or dinner engagement.

    Smoking Etiquette | Edwardian Promenade

  • I stopped the carriage, got out, and, after a few minutes 'conversation, persuaded two of the public women to get into the brougham with me.

    Chapter 7: The Bishop's Vision

  • I was in my brougham, driving through the streets.

    Chapter 7: The Bishop's Vision

  • We followed him to a brougham carriage waiting at the curb.

    The Curse of the Wendigo

  • Though I wailed and screamed, kicked and punched, they separated us, throwing me into the brougham carriage, which took off at once for police headquarters.

    The Curse of the Wendigo

  • The Fedex brougham will be dispatched forthwith to deliver once destinations are confirmed.

    Mr Darcy's Dilemma

  • Ellen, absorbed with the scene as it played out—the manservant bowing, his oblivious master ignoring both the courtesy and the man as he climbed into the brougham—fumbled with the laces of her dress.

    The Dressmaker


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  • Verb: to be transported by such a carriage. Tenses:broughamed, broughammed, broughamming, broughaming, broughams.

    December 25, 2017

  • "A little farther up Fifth Avenue, Beaufort appeared on his doorstep, darkly projected against a blaze of light, descended to his private brougham, and rolled away to a mysterious and probably unmentionable destination."

    - Edith Wharton, 'The Age of Innocence'.

    September 19, 2009

  • Usage on barouche.

    October 22, 2008

  • Hackney cars, cabs, delivery waggons, mail-vans, private broughams, aerated mineral water floats with rattling crates of bottles, rattled, lolled, horsedrawn, rapidly.

    Joyce, Ulysses, 7

    January 2, 2007