from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. a phenolic quinone that is the main constituent of cochineal

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Same as Carmine, 3.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


    Sorry, no example sentences found.


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  • Read comment on oak-kermes, and anthraquinone. Also:

    "Although it is now possible to synthesize carminic acid in the laboratory, the process is too complex to be cost-effective. Cochineal insects are the most economical manufacturers, and they remain the only commercially viable source of the dye.

    "Sold free of bug parts, in liquid or powdered form, cochineal appears on European labels as additive E120, and elsewhere as cochineal extract, carmine, carminic acid, or simply as 'coloring added.' It can be found in products as diverse as candy, Popsicles, sausages, yogurt, fruit juice, ice cream, apple sauce, pudding, cheese, cough syrup, rouge, lipstick, eye shadow, and Campari."

    Amy Butler Greenfield, A Perfect Red: Empire, Espionage, and the Quest for the Color of Desire (New York: Harper Collins, 2005), 244.

    October 4, 2017